Camping Tips

Day Hiker's Checklist

Before you hit the trail, take the time to make sure you've included the items on the following list to make your trip safer and more enjoyable.

Our list is designed to help equip hikers just starting out. You will probably develop your own checklist as you gain experience.


  1. Day pack or fanny pack
  2. Map and/or guidebook
  3. Compass
  4. Full canteen(s) or water bottle(s)
  5. Pocket knife
  6. Flashlight or headlamp with new batteries
  7. Waterproof matches
  8. Insect repellent
  9. First aid kit
  10. Sun protection (sunglasses, sunscreen, lip balm, hat with visor)
  11. Toilet tissue (in a plastic bag)
  12. Notebook with pencil
  13. Whistle
  14. Moleskin
  15. Money
  16. A handful of zip-seal plastic bags
  17. Camera and film (optional)
  18. Binoculars (optional)


  1. Supportive footwear designed for the length of your hike and the terrain
  2. Extra socks (optional, but nice to change into at lunchtime)
  3. Fleece jacket or pullover
  4. Rain/wind shells (jacket and pants)
  5. Wool or polypropylene hat
  6. Baseball-style hat (to protect from sun)
  7. Bandana (optional)

Day Hiking Tips

  1. Carrying your clothing and food in different colored stuff sacks keeps your pack organized and helps you find your gear easily when you need it.
  2. Always carry plenty of water. Three quarts per person per day is a good rule of thumb. Warmer conditions and/or rugged terrain may necessitate carrying more. Drink often to staywell hydrated. Purify water from natural sources.
  3. Fill your canteens before you leave home. It is better to be prepared than to rely on backcountry water sources.
  4. Carry more food than you think you will need. It is better to bring extra snacks home with you than to go hungry.
  5. Practice minimum impact hiking. Carry out whatever you pack in so others can enjoy the surroundings. Try to pick up what previous visitors may have left behind.
  6. When you choose a hike, consider the ability levels of all members of your party.
  7. Hike only as fast as the slowest member of your group.
  8. Acquaint yourself with the area and specific trail(s) you plan to hike so you can set a reasonable timetable for your hike. Many guidebooks include estimated times of trips.
  9. Note the time when you start your hike to gauge your pace and distance per hour.
  10. Start off slowly to avoid excess fatigue part way through your hike.
  11. Make sure your vehicle is in good running order and your gas tank is full.
  12. Check weather conditions before you leave.
  13. Leave your itinerary with someone you trust and check in with them upon your return.

Winter conditions require additional gear. Please call our Outdoor Hotline at 800-226-7552 for winter gear suggestions. The hotline is open every day between 8:00 a.m. and 10:00 p.m. EST.

Terms of your use of this information.

Camping Tips

Food and Water

  1. Pack your water bottle deep inside your backpack so it will not freeze. Make sure the lid is screwed on tight and pack it upside-down. Water freezes from the top, so if it is stored upside down, the mouth of the bottle remains free of ice. Water bottle insulators also help to keep water from freezing. If possible, fill your bottles with hot water.
  2. Eat often and carry plenty of food. You can burn up to 8,000 calories per day when winter camping.
  3. Drink plenty of hot soup and beverages during your winter camping trip. You need to replace water lost both through physical exertion and also from the dry, cold air drawing moisture from your face and skin. Try instant cocoa, decaffeinated coffee or tea, fruit-flavored drinks and instant breakfast drinks. Caffeinated drinks are not recommended. They contain diuretics that cause you to lose fluids.
  4. As you gain altitude, food takes longer to cook. Plan meals that do not require a lot of boiling.
  5. Consider taking an extra stove and plenty of stove fuel, up to one-half cup per person per day. It takes a lot of fuel to melt snow for drinking water.

Tents and Sleeping Bags

  1. If you have room to carry them, take two sleeping bag pads, a self-inflating one and a lightweight closed-cell foam pad, for additional insulation when camping in cold climates.
  2. Before you get into your sleeping bag at night, fill your water bottle with hot water for use as a hot-water bottle.
  3. Take a metal tube that is a bit wider than your tent pole with you. If a tent pole breaks, slide the tube over the broken area to act as a splint and secure the tube to the poles with duct tape. Store your duct tape around your ski pole or water bottle.

Staying Warm

  1. If you stop to take a water or snack break, store the outer shell of your mittens or gloves in your pack or attach them to your jacket with a clip. Sticking them under your arm makes it easier to have them blow away with a gust of wind. If you lose a mitten, use a spare sock as a substitute.


  1. Winter is not the time to go solo, always camp with others. Leave your itinerary with a friend or family member and check in with them on your return.
  2. Watch for signs of hypothermia among your camping group: uncontrolled shivering, poor motor coordination, mental confusion and mumbling. If someone exhibits these symptoms, get him or her into dry clothes or a sleeping bag. Have him or her huddle close to a warm, dry person and give him or her a warm beverage.
  3. Check for signs of frostbite and pay attention to cold feet. Protected skin, as well as exposed skin, are all susceptible to freezing and toes are the most vulnerable. The first sign of frostbite is white patches on the skin surface. If the skin does not return to its normal color after applying gentle pressure, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible.
  4. Pack a colorful bandana in your pack. In the rare event you need to signal rescue workers, you can attach the bandana to your ski pole and use it as a flag.


  1. If you are backcountry skiing in hilly terrain, climbing skins help you ascend hills with less effort. Skins are slightly narrower than the width of a ski. They attach to a ski by straps or an adhesive backing. The skins have synthetic hairs or scales that flow from front to back so they grip snow and keep you from sliding backwards on hills.

If you would like any additional information about winter camping, or have questions about any of the procedures or terminology used here, please call our Outdoor Hotline at 800-226-7552, any day between 8 a.m. and 10 p.m. EST.

Terms of your use of this information.