The first day begins with an overview of general wilderness first-aid concepts. Students are taught how to assess the patient, including an overview of the circulatory and respiratory systems. Controlling infections is covered. CPR and basic life support methods are extensively practiced.
Day two focuses on the nervous system, a common area of serious injury in the outdoors. Managing damage to the spine and other musculoskeletal areas is discussed. Treatments include working with splints and lifting/extrication techniques. Extensive drills on accurate patient assessment are conducted.
The next day covers how to handle a wide range of potential hazards, including: thermoregulation methods; bites and stings; lightning and electrical injuries; wounds and burns; anaphylaxis and allergies. Hands-on patient-rescue techniques include practicing improvised carries and further assessments. Elective topics are also offered.
The final day wraps up the program with a detailed case study incorporating many of the subjects previously covered. Further topics include backcountry medicine and medical/legal issues. Patient assessments and simulations are conducted, and elective topics are offered.